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Republican Tax Cut Legislation: Conference Committee

On Thursday, November 16, two weeks after it was introduced, the U.S. House passed its version of H.R. 1 by a vote of 227 to 205.  On Saturday, December 2,  the U.S. Senate passed its own version of H.R. 1 by a vote of 51 to 49

Because the House and Senate must pass the same version of a bill in order for it to become law, House and Senate negotiators reconciled the differences between the two versions of H.R. 1 through a conference committee.  On December 15, the conference committee released the final text of H.R. 1.  This conference report will need to be adopted by the House and Senate again before being signed into law.


House Floor

Senate Floor

  • On Wednesday, December 6, the Senate began debate on accepting the House request for a conference.  The Senate agreed to conference by a vote of 51 to 47.
  • There were four motions to instruct Senate conferees:
    • Sen. King's (I-ME) motion would instruct conferees to ensure that any final conference report would not increase the deficit over the next 10 years (failed by a vote of 48 to 50)
    • Sen. Stabenow's (D-MI) motion would instruct conferees to insist that any final conference report include a provision causing the corporate tax rate to revert to 35 percent in the event that real average household wages do not increase by at least $4,000 by 2020 (failed by a vote for 44 to 54)
    • Sen. Rubio's (R-FL) motion would instruct conferees to insist that any conference report increase the refundable per-child tax credit to no less than $2,000 and that the credit be expanded to benefit more low-wage parents (passed by voice vote)
    • Sen. Booker's (D-NJ) motion would insist that any final conference report not contain any provision that would increase the number of people who do not have health insurance nor increase health insurance premiums (failed by a vote of 47 to 51)

Conference Committee

House and Senate Conferees on H.R. 1



Ways and Means Committee Conferees

  • Chairman Kevin Brady (R-TX)
  • Ranking Member Richard Neal (D-MA)
  • Rep. Sander Levin (D-MI)
  • Rep. Lloyd Doggett (D-TX)
  • Rep. Devin Nunes (R-CA)
  • Rep. Peter Roskam (R-IL)
  • Rep. Diane Black (R-TN)
  • Rep. Kristi Noem (R-SD)


Natural Resources Committee Conferees

  • Chairman Rob Bishop (R-UT)
  • Ranking Member Raúl M. Grijalva (D-AZ)
  • Rep. Don Young (R-AK)


Energy and Commerce Committee Conferees

  • Rep. Fred Upton (R-MI)
  • Rep. Kathy Castor (D-FL)
  • Rep. John Shimkus (R-IL)


Finance Committee Conferees

  • Chairman Orrin Hatch (R-UT)
  • Ranking Member Ron Wyden (D-OR)
  • Sen. Debbie Stabenow (D-MI)*
  • Sen. Patty Murray (D-WA)
  • Sen. Bob Menendez (D-NJ)
  • Sen. Tom Carper (D-DE)
  • Sen. John Cornyn (R-TX) 
  • Sen. John Thune (R-SD)
  • Sen. Tim Scott (R-SC) 
  • Sen. Pat Toomey (R-PA)
  • Sen. Rob Portman (R-OH)   


Budget Committee Conferees

  • Chairman Mike Enzi (R-WY)
  • Ranking Member Bernie Sanders (I-VT)


Energy and Natural Resources Committee

  • Chairman Lisa Murkowski (R-AK)
  • Ranking Member Maria Cantwell (D-WA)


*Sen. Stabenow is also a Member of the Budget and Energy and Natural Resources Committees.



HOUSE:  House Ways and Means Committee Markup → House Rules Committee → House Floor Debate

SENATE: Senate Finance Committee Markup Resources → Senate Budget Committee Resources → Senate Floor Debate

CONFERENCE: Conference Committee → Conference Report

Rep. Lewis' Public Statements about H.R. 1

Rep. Lewis' Missed Opportunities Bills

Rep. Lewis' Proposed Amendments to H.R. 1

Official Non-Partisan Analysis of H.R. 1