Budget & Appropriations
Breaking Down the Budget & Appropriations Process
Congress’ top legislative responsibility is funding federal government operations each year. I take this duty very seriously –working with local and state government, colleges and universities, and community organizations to understand what programs are most important to Metro Atlanta.
As the Dean of the Georgia delegation, I often work with my colleagues to serve the best interests of our state. We often find ways to put partisanship aside for the greater good of our constituents.
As Congress continues the process of reducing the federal deficit and debt, I am focused on making cuts to ineffective programs, while protecting those which have a proven track-record of serving Metro Atlanta residents, local governments, and institutions.
I have long opposed the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and I believe that the time is long overdue to end these wars and invest these dollars here at home. These wars have cost American taxpayers $2.3 trillion; the current budget deficit is $1.5 trillion. I strongly believe the pathway to fiscal responsibility begins with ending these wars.
I hope that you will take the time to review this section of my website to better understand how the federal budget and appropriations process works.
Article One of the United States' Constitution grants Congress the power to allocate federal funds. This process includes the annual fiscal year budget and fiscal year appropriations cycle.
Three primary Committees have jurisdiction over all federal fiscal matters:
- The Budget Committee manages the congressional budget process
- The Appropriations Committee manages all discretionary federal funding for a given fiscal year; and
- The Ways and Means Committee crafts all revenue-related legislation and also authorizes certain programs. Congressman Lewis serves as a senior Member of this Committee.
Other congressional committees develop authorizing legislation for federal discretionary and mandatory programs. Authorization laws establish, continue, or modify federal programs. In most cases, Congress cannot fund programs that have not been authorized.
Authorizing committees have primary jurisdiction over mandatory funding which composes more than half of the federal budget. Most mandatory funds are spent on entitlement programs - e.g. Social Security, Medicare, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
Discretionary funding is about one-third of all federal funding and is organized into 12 major appropriations bills. The authorizing committees set the ceiling for the maximum amount of funding that can be dedicated to discretionary federal initiatives; the appropriators allocate actual dollars to these initiatives each fiscal year.
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The Impact of Sequestration:
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Periodically, Rep. John Lewis is notified that organizations within the 5th Congressional District have been selected to receive a variety of federal grants. This federal grants announcement will advise press and constituents of these notifications. This announcement details about $85,384,729.55 in federal grants coming to the 5th Congressional District.
What is the funding process for federal grants?
Last night the U.S. House of Representatives passed an unprecedented, last minute bill to fund the government called the 'CRomnibus'. The bill averted a government shutdown because it contained a short-term continued resolution to fund the Department of Homeland Security until February 2015, bills to fund the rest of the federal government through September 2015, but it also included a number of damaging policy changes.
Periodically, Rep. John Lewis is notified that organizations within the 5th Congressional District have been selected to receive a variety of federal grants. This federal grants announcement will advise press and constituents of these notifications. This announcement details about $17,096,767 in federal grants coming to the 5th Congressional District.
What is the funding process for federal grants?
WASHINGTON -- This week, the U.S. House of Representatives unanimously adopted the Cost of War amendment authored by Rep. John Lewis during consideration of H.R. 4435, the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA).
“It was a shame and a disgrace that the government of the most powerful nation on earth was recklessly shutdown and allowed to slip perilously close to default. However, I am glad that tonight the great majority of the members of the House and Senate finally came together and did the right thing. We passed a clean bill, as we should have had an opportunity to do days ago. We simply restored the government to normal functioning and raised the debt limit so this country can pay its bills on time, as it has for over 230 years.
Yesterday, Rep. John Lewis’s Cost of War Act amendment passed the House as a part of its Defense Authorization Bill. The act requires the Department of Defense to post on a public website the cost to each taxpayer of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
WASHINGTON—Rep. John Lewis joined other members of the House Ways and Means Committee today in an effort to derail the “Pay China First Bill,” H.R.804. Republicans have waged an unprecedented battle against raising the debt limit of the United States which is required in order for America to pay its bills. The debt ceiling has been raised without issue many times before, especially during the terms of Republican presidents, like Ronald Reagan and George W.
WASHINGTON— Rep. John Lewis castigated the direction of a House Republican hearing today which explored the possibility of default on America’s debt instead of simply raising the debt ceiling. The chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee Oversight Subcommittee held a hearing examining the government’s ability to prioritize its financial obligations while continuing operations, if the U. S. Treasury should reach its statutory debt limit.
Washington, D.C. – Rep. John Lewis voted against the Ryan-Republican budget that could reverse our climb toward economic recovery, lead to more layoffs and prolong unemployment. It would end the Medicare guarantee, while of course, providing huge tax cuts for the wealthy at the expense of the middle class and the poor.
After voting for another week on partisan legislation that does not address the need to curtail punishing automatic cuts which threaten the longevity of many important federal commitments, and yet another week with no attention to America’s need for jobs, Rep. John Lewis released this statement:
“The people of this nation are looking to this Congress for help. My constituents and the constituents of every elected representative here sent us to Congress to take action on their behalf.